The visitor to Metro Manila commonly sees the Philippines as the most westernized of Asian countries and in many ways
it is. But there is also a rich underlay of Malay culture beneath the patina of Spanish and American heritage. National cultural
life is a happy marriage of many influences, as the indigenous Malay culture is assimilated and adapted to different strains
in a practice typical of Malay temperament. An upsurge of Philippine nationalism stimulated a desire to preserve the ancient
heritage without restricting its openness to foreign artistic influence.
The Philippines is an archipelago of 7,107 islands. It stretches from the south of China to the northern tip of
Borneo. The country has over a hundred ethnic groups and a mixture of foreign influences which have molded a unique Filipino
Before the Spanish explorers came, Indo-Malays and Chinese merchants had settled here. In 1521 the Spaniards, led
by Ferdinand Magellan, discovered the islands. The Spanish conquistadores established a colonial government in Cebu in 1565.
They transferred the seat of government to Manila in 1571 and proceeded to colonize the country. The Filipinos resisted and
waged Asia's first nationalist revolution in 1896. On June 12, 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo declared the Philippines independent
from Spain and proclaimed himself president. After ruling for 333 years, the Spaniards finally left in 1898 and were replaced
by the Americans who stayed for 48 years. On July 4, 1946, the Americans recognized Philippine independence.
The Philippines is the third largest English-speaking country in the world. The country is divided into three geographical
areas: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. It has 14 regions, 73 provinces and 60 cities. The capital is Manila.