Integrity Philippines --------Pinoy Solutions to Corruption

PINOY SOLUTIONS TO CORRUPTION *** Speech by Senator TG GUINGONA at Silliman University

Pinoy Solutions to Corruption
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PINOY SOLUTIONS TO CORRUPTION *** Speech by Ex-Governor Grace Padaca at Silliman University
PINOY SOLUTIONS TO CORRUPTION *** Speech by Senator TG GUINGONA at Silliman University
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Senator Teofisto Guingona III, chair, Senate Blue Ribbon Committee and Ms. Maria Gracia Cielo Padaca, former governor, Province of Isabela were guests of honor and speakers at the fifth Regional Anti-Corruption Colloquium held as a part of the General Education Integrative Lectures at Silliman University on August 18, 2011 with the theme:
"Pinoy Solutions to Corruption"


Awareness. Vigilance. Excellence




Silliman University Visit

August 18, 2011



We, Filipinos, have various words for it.


My father, the former Vice President, said that he when he was young, it was called by the following names:


"Na-want-tu-tri ". "Nadenggoy". "Naisahan ".


In Bisaya, we simply call refer to it as "tikas". Or, "limbong". Or, plain and simple "hukhuk".


Whatever name you call it, at the end of the day, it is "cheating".


Who among you here bought something from a store and found out that what you bought was not what you paid for? Maybe, it was something older, or inferior, or cheaper than what you

intended to buy?


You remember how you felt? You felt cheated. You felt bad. You felt angry.


That is how we all react to someone who cheats. Especially to someone who cheats us.


Maybe, when you experienced being cheated, you lost a hundred pesos. Or maybe, a thousand pesos.


Today, I have some friends here with me who would like to tell you a story about something similar. But in their story, the amount involved was not a hundred pesos. Not a thousand. Not even a hundred thousand.


Here is their story. (actors perform  skit- SEE SKIT #1 BELOW)


In real life, the issue is not a cellphone.


In real life, the issue is something worth hundreds of millions of pesos more than a cellphone.


The issue is called - helicopters. Choppers, for short. And the buyer is called the "Philippine National Police".


There is, of course, a different twist in the real life story. In the real life story, it looked like the buyer knew it did not get what it paid for - that it got something old even when it paid for something brand new.


My father said this is what they used to call "ginigisa sa sariling mantika". Younger people simply say "niloloko ang sarili". As Chairman of the Senate Blue Ribbon Committee, my fear is, "niloloko tayong lahat".


Talking about being fried in your own lard or cooking oil, my friends would like to come back to centerstage and tell you another story. The story looks like it is about an act of kindness. But take a close look. It could be about an act of charity - using somebody else's money.


Come on, guys. (actors perform second skit-SEE SKIT #2 BELOW)


At first glance, it looks like there is nothing wrong with giving gifts to other people.


Unless, of course, the money you used is not yours.


As they say, if you want to be generous, be generous with your own money. But, please, do not be generous with my money.


Guys, both stories involve money. Irregular, irresponsible use of money. Not just any money. The people's money. Taxpayers' money. My money. Your parents' money.


Your money.


And after watching those two funny stories, I am sure you now know the feeling of being cheated. Being cheated out of money that belongs to you.


You see, the problem with some of our countrymen - particularly with some of those who occupied positions of power in government - is not selfishness. The problem is over-generosity: that in the process of being generous, they do not use their own money. It is our money that they give away.


Or, is the problem really this - that some powerful people actually get confused and can no longer tell the difference between which is the people's money and which is theirs? Or that they actually fool themselves into believing that once they are in power, the people's money become their own.


In the Bible, the Apostle Paul once warned that "the love of money is the root of all evil".


I think the reverse happened to some people in power. For them, the saying became like this: "Evil is the root of all money".


So, that seems to be the problem: when people in power use for their own purpose or give away money which does not belong to them.


At this point, let me tell you a contrasting story. 


A few months ago, I was invited by international organization to speak in New York. During that visit, I came to know about a tiny city in that state. It is so tiny that it has a population of just about 20,000.


I was told that it is a small city, but it has produced giants - giants, meaning people who had done big things for their city and for the humanity.


I was also told that this small city once gave birth to a great community leader and businessman who contributed to its growth. He dedicated his life, they said, to promoting pride for his city and to making it an ideal place to live in for future generations of New Yorkers.


Using his own money - money he earned through sheer hard work - he built a beautiful church for his tiny city. That church still stands in his city to this very day. And this is the name of that church: it is called the Silliman Memorial Church.


The name of that tiny city is Cohoes, New York.


And yes, you are right: the name of that gentleman was Horace Brinsmade Silliman. Yes, he is the very same gentleman who gave his own money worth ten thousand dollars to start an institution of research and learning in Dumaguete which later became the university named after him.


I told a story you already knew to illustrate a difference. Horace Brinsmade Silliman is THE difference. He taught the world the meaning of an important word - a word which refers to what one does when he gives his own money away so that others may have better lives.


That word is "philanthropy".


And there are many in the world like the man from Cohoes, New York: true and genuine philanthropist. People who give their own money away so that others may have better lives.


In contrast, as earlier illustrated by our two skits, there are people who spend for themselves and give away money that does not belong to them.


If Horace Brinsmade Silliman is called a "true gentleman", how do you call the opposite or those who enjoy for themselves money which is not theirs?


I don't know, but there is a joke going around in Manila that they are called "first gentlemen".


I personally believe there is such a thing as a Silliman tradition.


Here is my own thought: if your beloved University was started by a donation from a gentleman who gave his own money away to make the world a better place, then you must defend the true and genuine concept of Christian philanthropy.



Then, you must be among the first to raise your voice and make a stand every time people in power use, enjoy and give away money that does not belong to them - especially if that money is the hard-earned money of ordinary Filipinos.


Today, we are all here because we are all angry with the evil called "corruption". I am angry with the presence of this evil because I am a Filipino. You should be even more angry corruption in government does not only desecrate your being a Filipino; corruption desecrates the very memory of the gentleman from Cohoes, New York whose genuine generosity gave birth

to your own beloved University.


I have a theory as to why it was looked easy for Horace Brinsmade Silliman to give his money away. I believe he knew that, at the end of the day, he was only a caretaker of the wealth that he built. As such, he must share them and use them not for himself but for the welfare of others.


We, bisayas, have a term for that. In our vocabulary, Horace Brinsmade Silliman is what we call "tagdumala". The Tagalogs refer to him as "katiwala". He would be referred to in English as "steward". He would, of course, be best described by the Biblical phrase, "a good and faithful servant".


In addressing the issue of corruption, the government has instituted laws, systems for monitoring the use of public funds, checks and balances, as well as systems of rewards and punishment.


But all of those will fail unless and until every public servant, every person who comes to power, understands first that they are only the "tagdumala" of the people's money. They do not own that money. They are merely caretakers of the public wealth and are therefore accountable to you for

how they spend that money.


The solution to corruption, therefore, is not in the hands of government alone.


Sillimanians have an important role to play.


Keep in mind: the misuse and abuse of the money of the people is easier done when people are not looking and when the very people who own the money no longer care what is done to their money.


In other words, your indifference, your apathy is fertilizer for corruption in government.


Three things you must, therefore, do.


First, be aware of what is happening in your community, in your nation and society.


Second, be vigilant. Show public officials and people in power that you are watching them, and that you will not take corruption and the waste of people's money sitting down. Make them feel that you corruption angers you because you are Filipinos and Sillimanians at the same time.


Third, be excellent. Excel in your respective fields and in everything you do. When you excel, you inspire others to do the same. And you inspire public officials to do the same. Excellence is the enemy of mediocrity. And corruption is an expression of mediocrity in government. Show

the nation that you will not tolerate mediocrity. When you do so, you send strong signals to people in power that you will not countenance corruption.


Awareness. Vigilance. Excellence.


Awareness. Vigilance. Excellence.


Awareness. Vigilance. Excellence.


The Senate Blue Ribbon Committee investigates people who misuse and abuse your money. But the job of taking care of your money does not belong to us alone. You have a share in that job.


It is your money and government must spend it to benefit you, not to benefit people in power. If it is your money and it is for your good, then watch over it. Be aware. Be vigilant. Be excellent.


In short, be everything that the tradition of Silliman University stands for.


Thank you and good day.


     SKIT # 1

    SKIT #2

Pagpakisayud. Pagmatngon. Pagkamaayo.




Silliman University Visit

August 18, 2011


Kita nga mga Pilipino adunay nagkalainlain nga pulong niana.


Ang akong amahan, ang kanhi Bise Presidente, nag-ingon sa dihang batan-on pa siya nga kini gitawag ug:


"Na-want-tu-tri". "Nadenggoy". "Naisahan".


Sa Bisaya, gitawag nato kini nga "pagpanikas" o "Pagpanlimbong" o dili ha kaha pagpanghukhuk.


Whatever name you call it, at the end of the day, it is "cheating".


Kinsa man kaninyo diri ang nipalit ug usa ka butang gikan sa usa ka tindahan ug inyong nadiskubrihan nga ang inyo gipalit dili mao sa ang imong gihayran? Siguro, daan na, dili maayo nga kalidad o dili ba kaha mas baratuhon kaysa sa imong tuyo nga paliton?


Nakahinumdum pa ba mo sa inyong gibati? Nalimbong ka. Nalain ka. Naglagot ka.


Normal lamang kini nga bation nato ngadto sa mga nanlimbong, nanikas. Labi na gayud siguro kung kita na gayud ang nahitabuan sa ingon.


Siguro, sa dibang nasulayan ka ug limbong, nawalaan ka ug usa ka gatos ka pesos o dili ba kaha usa ka libo ka pesos.


Karong adlawa, aduna ako'y mga kauban nga higala diri nga buot mopakita kaninyo ug sugilanon sa mga susamang hitabo. Pero sa ilang mga sugilanon, ang kantidad nga nahilambigit dili lamang usa ka gatos ka pesos, dili lamang usa ka libo ka pesos ug dili lamang usa ka gatos ka

libo ka pesos.


Ania ang ilang sugilanon.


Sa reyalidad, ang isyu dili mao ang cellphone.


Sa reyalidad, ang isyu mao ang usa ka butang nga nagkantidad ug gatusan ka milyones kapesos. Ang isyu mao ang gitawag nga mga - helicopters. Choppers, for short. Ug ang nipalit niini mao

ang gitawag nga "Philippine National Police".


Aduna, siyempre kini kalainan sa reyalidad.


Sa reyalidad, murag nahibaw-an sa nipalit nga dili kini mao ang iyang gibayran - nga kini daan na bisan pa man ug gibayan niya kini sa kantidad nga para brand new.


Ang akong amahan nag-ingon nga mao kini ang gitawag nila kaniadto nga "ginigisa sa sariling mantika". o gitawag kini nga "niloloko ang sarili".


Isip Chairman sa Senate Blue Ribbon Committee, ang akong ginakahadlukan mao ang, "niloloko tayong lahat"( gilimbong kitang tanan).


Sa hisgutanang gigisa ka sa imong kaugalingon mantika, ang akong mga kahigalaan mobalik karon sa entablado aron sa paghatag kaninyo ug lain nga sugilanon. Ang sugilanon murag bahin kini sa pagbuhat ug maayo. Pero kinahanglan bantayan ninyo. Basin diay bahin kini sa pagbuhat

ug maayo ug pagtabang pinaagi sa pagamit sa kuwarta sa uban.


Come on, guys.


Sa unang tan-aw, murag walay sayop sa paghatag ug mga hinabang o gasa sa ubang tawo.


Gawas kon, siyempre, ang kwarta nga gigamit dili imo.


Sa ila pang giingon, kon gusto ka nga motabang o mamahimong mang-gihatagon, nan hala tabang o hatag gamit ang kaugalingon nimong kwarta. Pero palihog lang ayaw gamita ang akong kaugalingong kwarta.


Mga higala, ang pareho nga sugilanon nahilambigit ug kwarta, Dili sagad, iresponsable nga pagamit sa kwarta. Dili lamang kinsa nga kwarta. Ang kwarta sa katawhan, kwarta sa mga mambubuhis, Akong kwarta. Ang kwarta sa inyong mga ginikanan.


Imong Kwarta.


Ug human ninyo natan-awang maong duha ka kataw-anan nga sugilanon, sigurado ako nga inyo na karong nabati kon unsa ang gibati sa malimbong. Nalimbong gumikan sa kwarta nga irno.


Ang problema sa uban natong mga Pilipino labi na gayud kadtong anaa o nagahawid ug posisyon o gahum sa gobyerno mao ang dili pagkadalo o pagkahakog. Ang problema mao ang sobra ka

pagkamang-gihatagon: ug sa paghimo niini, wala sila nigamit sa ilang kaugalingong kwarta. Ang atong kwarta ang ilang gipanghatag.


O dili ba kaha ang problema mao gayud nga naglibog ang mga gamhanang tawo ug dili na nila mahuna-hunaan ang kalainan sa ilang kwarta ug sa kwarta sa katawhan? O ila lang ba kahang

gipatuo ang ilang kaugalingon nga gumikan kay anaa sila sa gahum nan ang kwarta sa katawhan mamahimo na sab nga ilaha.


Sa bibliya, si Apostle Paul nipahimangno nga "ang paghigugama sa kwarta mao ang sinugdanan sa tanang dautan".


Siguro sa uban nahitabo ang sukwahi. Para siguro kanila ang maong panultihon nahimong:         "Ang dautan mao ang ugat o sinugdanan sa tanang kwarta".


Busa mao siguro kana ang problema: kon ang mga anaa sa gahum mogamit sa ilang tuyo o tumong o mohatag ug kwarta sa diin dili ilaha.


At this point, let me tell you a contrasting story.


Pipila na kabulan ang nilabay, naimbitahan ako sa usa ka international organization para mosulti sa usa ka panagtigom didto sa New York. Sa akong pagbisita, akong nahibaw-an nga aduna diay gamay kaayo nga siyudad didto. Gamay kaayo ug aduna lamang kini papulasyon nga 20,000.


Ila akong gisultihan nga gamay lamang kini nga siyudad apan nakahatag na kini ug mga higante - higante nagpasabot ug mga tawo nga nakahimo ug mga dagkong butang para sa ilang siyudad ug sa katawhan o katilingban.


Matud pa nila didto sa garnay'ng siyudad gipanganak ang usa ka bangiitang lider ug negosyante sa diin mao ang nakatabang ug dako sa pagpalambo niining gamay'ng siyudad. Iyang gihatag ang iyang tibuok kinabuhi sa pagbatag ug dungog sa siyudad ug paghimo niini nga usa ka maayo nga lugar nga pwedeng puy-an sa mga umaabot nga henerasyon sa mga New Yorkers.


Gamit ang iyang kaugalingong kwarta - kwarta nga gikan sa iyang mga hinaguan- mihimo siya ug usa ka maanindot nga simbahan para sa iyang gamay'ng siyudad. Kato nga simbaban nagtindog pa gihapon karon sa iyang garnay'ng siyudad. Ug mao kini ang pangalan sa maong

simbahan: kini gitawag nga Silliman Memorial Church.


Ang panglan sa maong gamay'ng siyudad mao ang Cohoes, New York.


And yes, tama kamo: ang panagalan sa maong tawo mao si Horace Brinsmade Silliman. Yes, siya mao ang susamang tawo nga mihatag sa iyang kaugalingong kwarta kantidad napulo ka libo nga dolyares aron sugdan ang usa ka institution of research and learning diri sa Dumaguete sa diin  ahimo na karong usa ka unibersidad nga gipangalan kaniya.


Giistoryahan ko kamo ug usa ka sugilanon nga inyo na daang nasayran aron inyong makit-an ang kalainan. Si Horace Brinsmade Silliman is THE difference, ang kalainan. Iyang gitudluan ang kalibutan sa kahulugan sa usa ka importante nga pulong - usa ka pulong nga nangahulugan sa pagbatag sa iyang kaugalingong kwarta aron makaangkon ang uban ug maayo ug malambuon nga kinabuhi.


Kini nga pulong mao ang "philanthropy".


Ug aduna pay dagban diri sa kalibutan nga susama sa naasoy'ng tawo nga gikan sa Cohoes, New York: tinuod ug matinud-anon nga philanthropist. Mga tawo nga mihatag sa ilang kaugalingong

kwarta aron makaangkon ang uban ug maayo ug malambuon nga kinabuhi.


Ang kalainan, basi na sa gipakita kaganina sa duha ka sugilanon, adunay mga tawo nga migasto para sa ilang kaugalingon ug nanghatag ug kwarta gamit ang dili nila kaugalingong kwarta.


Kung si Horace Brinsmade Silliman gitawag nga usa ka "matuod nga gentleman", unsa man ang atong itawag sa mga kabaliktaran niya nga malipayong migamit sa dili nila kaugalingong kwarta?


Wala ako nasayud, pero adunay mga binuang nga nagkatag karon sa Metro Manila nga kini kuno mao ang gitawag nga "first gentlemen".


I personally believe there is such a thing as a Silliman tradition.


Ania ang akong mga panghunahuna: kon ang inyong pinalanggang unibersidad gisugdan pinaagi sa donasyon nga gikan sa usa ka tawo nga nihatag sa iyang kaugalingong kwarta aron nga mamahimong mas malambuon ang kalibutan, nan kinabanglan inyong depensahan ug panalipdan ang tinuod ug matinud-anon nga konsepto sa Christian philanthropy.


Nan, kinahanglan nga usa kamo sa unang mopalanog sa inyong mga tingog ug mohimo ug baruganan sa panahon nga ang mga tawo nga anaa sa pangagamhanan mogarnit, mo-enjoy, ug mohatag sa kwarta nga dili ilaha - labi na gayud kon kana nga kwarta mao ang hinaguang kwarta

sa mila ordinaryong Pilipino.


Karong adlawa, ania kita dinhi gumikan kay naglagot kita sa dautan nga gitawag ug "korapsiyon". Naglagot ako sa presensiya niini tungod kay ako usa ka Pilipino. Samot na siguro kamo - Ang korapsiyon sa pangagamhanan dili lamang pagpanamastamas sa imong

pagkapilipino; ang korapsiyon nagpanamastamas sa pinaka memory sa gentleman nga gikan sa Cohoes, New York sa diip ang tinuod nga pagkaf\1llng-gihata\lon niini maoy sinugdanan sa inyong pinalanggang unibersidad.


Aduna ako'y teorya kon nganong murag sayon ra para kay Horace Brinsmade Silliman ang pagpanghatag sa iyang kaugalingong kwarta. Nagtuo aka nga nasayud siya nga human niining tanan, tigdumala lamang siya sa tanang kabtangan nga iyang gipangbarog. Busa gurnikan niini, kinahanglan iya kining i-ambit ug gamiton kini dili para sa iyang kaugalingon kondili para sa kaayuhan sa uban.


Kita, nga mga bisaya, adunay termino para niana. Sa atong bokabularyo, si Horace Brinsmade Silliman mao ang atong gitawag nga, "tigdumala". Aug mg!! Tagalog gitawag kini nga "katiwala". Sa pinulungang English mao ang "steward". He would, of course, be best described

by the Biblical phrase, "a good and faithful seryant".


Sa pagtubag sa isyu sa korapsiyon, ang pangagamhanan naghimo ug mga balaud, sistema o pamaagi sa pagmonitor sa pagamit sa pampublikong pondo, checks ug balances, ingon man ang sistema sa rewards ug punishments.


Pero kini tanan mapakyas lamang gawas lang kon ang tanang anaa sa serbisyo publiko, anaa sa pangagamhanan, masabtan nga sila "tigdumala" lamang sa kwarta sa katawhan. Dili sila ang tag-iya sa kwarta. Sila tigdumala larnang sa rnanggad sa katawhan ug busa sila adunay tulubagon kaninyo sa kun gi-unsa nila pagasto ug pagamit ang kwarta.


Ang solusyon sa korapsiyon, dili lamang anaa sa mga kamot sa pangagamhanan.


Ang mga Sillimanians aduna usab kabahin nga dapat pagahimuon.


Ibutang sa inyong mga hunahuna: Ang dili maayo nga pagamit ug pag-abuso sa kwarta sa katawhan sayon ra kaayo nga buhaton kon ang mga katawhan mismo wala naga-tan-aw ug wala nagpakahana kon giunsa pagamit ang ilang kwarta.


Buot ipasabot, ang inyong paghalewala, ang wala ninyo pagpakahana usa ka fertilizer para sa korapsiyon sa pangagamhanan.


Busa tulo ka butang ang inyong gikinahanglang buhaton.


Una, kinahanglan masayud kamo sa mga panghitabo sa inyong kumunidad, sa inyong nasud ug katilinghan.


Ikaduha, pagmatngon. Ipakita sa mga pampublikong opisyales ug mga tawong anaa sa gahum nga nagtan-aw kamo kanila, ug dili ninyo balewalaon ang korapsiyon ug pag-usik-usik sa kwarta sa katawhan. Ipabati kanila nga naglagot kamo sa korapsiyon gumikan kay kamo mga Pilipino ug Sillimanians sa susamang higayon.


Ikatulo, pagkamaayo. Himoang mas mahimo ka nga maayo sa inyong gipiling kurso ug sa tanan ninyong ginabuhat. When you excel, you inspire others to do the same. And you inspire public officials to do the same. Ang pagkamaayo ang kontra sa dili maayo. Ug ang korapsiyon usa ka pagpakita sa dili maayo nga binuhatan sa pangagamhanan. Ipakita nga dili ninyo kini ginatugutan. When you do so, you send strong signals to people in power that you will not countenance corruption.


Pagpakisayud. Pagmatngon. Pagkamaayo.


Pagpakisayud. Pagmatngon. Pagkamaayo.


Pagpakisayud. Pagmatngon. Pagkamaayo.


Ang Senate Blue Ribbon Committee nagaimbestiga sa mga tawong wala migamit sa insakto ug nag-abuso sa inyong mga kwarta. Pero wala kini nakadepende lamang kanamo. Aduna usab kamo'y kabahin niini.


Inyo kining kwarta busa ang pangagamhanan kinahanglan nga gamiton lamang kini sa butang nga sa diin para sa inyong kaayuhan, ug dili para sa anaa sa gahum. Kon kini imohang kwarta ug para sa imong kaayuhan, nan, bantayi kini. Be aware. Be vigilant. Be excellent.


In short, be everything that the tradition of Silliman University stands for.


Daghang salamat ug maayong adlaw kaninyong tanan.



Sen. Teofisto Guingona, Jr. answers a question from one of the over 700 Silliman University students and others who attended the lecture on “Pinoy Solutions to Corruption” during the iPro-sponsored Anti-Corruption Colloquium in Dumaguete City.


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